13 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs [Pros and Cons]

Do you want to know the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast?

Well, of course, you do… and everyone else who is suffering from these oval brownish insects that live on the blood of humans and animals.

The Real question is — What are the best home remedies to get rid of bed bugs?

There are countless remedies out there to get rid of bed bugs, so where do you start? Where do you focus your time?

In this article, I’ve covered 13 best and more effective than other Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs fast and permanently. It will definitely help you in banishing those pester little critter for always.

Did you know that the official name of Bed Bugs is Cimex Lectularius.

There are numerous reasons such as cost or avoiding dangerous chemicals that’s why you might choose to conquer bed bugs on your own. The clients of pest control companies are continuously increasing day by day and the main reasons are bed bugs.

A big bug pierces through the individual skin and draws blood using its two hollow tubes. The victim may be unaware when he or she is being bitten but will come soon to know through skin infection, red & itchy welts, and other signs. To figure out the signs of having Bed Bugs we have to know something more about them like their colour, size, shape etc.

Colour:

  • Unfed adults: Mahogany
  • Engorged bed bugs: Red-Brown
  • Nymphs: Nearly Colorless.

Shape and Size: Bed bugs are of Flat, broad oval-shaped when unfed and swollen and elongated shaped when fed. Bed bugs have 6 legs. Adults bugs are usually 1/4 inches long and Nymphs are 1.3 mm to 4-5 mm long.

Source: CDC

Region: Found throughout United States America

Living Conditions: Bed bugs can only survive at the temperatures below the 7°Celsius (46°F), If the temperature of their body reaches above 45°Celsius (113°F) it leads to their death.

Here are the 7 things you should know about the Bed Bugs:

What are the signs of having Bed Bugs?

1. Red Bites

Bed Bugs use their two hollow tubes to feed on blood generally at night. Unlike mosquitoes or other bloodsuckers, they inject a numbing agent first so you won’t feel a thing when it’s happening. However, not everyone reacts to their bites. But some will start to see red bumps or more splotchy red & itchy welts on their skin. These bite marks can be usually in a line or a zigzag pattern. However, their bites don’t spread any type of disease but lead to bleeding and skin infection. Take a look at the picture below.

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

2. Blood Stains

If a bedbug is recently fed they will leave a bloodstain on your sheets mattresses, pillowcases, or pajamas. Bed Bugs put rusty or reddish stains effectuate by being crushed below the bed sheets or mattresses. These bloodstains often are mistaken for something else, so repeatedly look closely. Another sign is bed bug fecal spots eggshells or sheds skins in areas where bed bugs hide.

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

3. Black Spots

Bed bugs usually leave black spots on your sheets mattresses, pillowcases or pyjamas. These Bed Bugs droppings sometimes look almost like pencil marks. Always make sure to check your mattress your bedsheets your bed frame and your boxspring for these marks.

4. The Smell

One of the most unnoticed sign of a Bed Bugs hydatidosis is their nasty odor. They lose smell like a wet towel when they produce pheromones, which smells like mould. If you observe a nasty or musty odor in your bedroom or anywhere in the house, it may be a hint that you are having Bed Bugs.

5. Finding Yourself

While inspecting your bed you might see the Bed Bugs alive or dead. There size and color may vary depending on their age. Young ones are usually white or clear and adults are reddish-brown in color. Adults Bed Bugs are usually bigger than ants, However, many people believe they are microscopic in size.

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

6. Eggshells and skin casings

Bed bugs continuously go through many phases of establishment in their life span. This could be at least five times while a blood meal. In their next establishment phase which is called instars, they shed their skin and leave the hollow cover. These cast skins are typically near your bedding, faeces and blood stains.

Now you are able to figure out that you are having bed bugs or not. If you get some signs of bed bugs, It raises a question that, ”Where do bed bugs hide or live?”. After all, to get rid of them you have to kill them and for this, it is essential to find that where they live? Let’s find out the answer to this question.

Here are some signs of having Bed Bugs explained by Dr Jorge Parada, Medical Advisor for the National Pest Management Association.

Where Do Bed Bugs Hide or Live?

Bed bugs live in the places where they get darkness, isolation and protection. To flush them out for inspection you can use Insecticide Aerosols such as CB-80 or PT 565. With bed bugs hitchhiking on humans, it is obvious to wonder that, “where do bed bugs hide or live?” Bed bugs are generally active at night to feed on human’s blood. Their flattened body shape of bed bugs allow them to hide in the tiny crevices.

To expose the bed bugs out Inspect these Areas carefully:

  • Mattress and Box Spring
  • Bed Frame, Head & Footboards and in other furniture
  • Inseams of chairs, couches, between cushions, folds of curtains, drawer joints.
  • In electrical receptacles and appliances.
  • Under Paintings, loose wallpaper, and wall hangings.
  • Between the wall and the ceiling and under the Carpet
  • And even the head of a screw. Take a look at the image below.
home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Where do bed bugs come from?

Bed Bugs can come from other infested areas like Buses, trains, taxi cabs, Office buildings, Nursing homes, Libraries, Theaters, friend’s house, family member’s home, workplace or from used furniture. They can come through luggage, purses, backpacks, or other items placed on soft or upholstered surfaces. They can even travel between rooms in multi-unit buildings, such as apartment complexes and hotels.

13 Best Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs [Pros and Cons]

1. Tea Tree Oil

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs

Dilute 20 drops of pure tea tree oil with lukewarm water and then sprinkle it on the common bed bug hotspots such as mattresses, clothes, cabinets, curtains, cushions, soft materials, walls, furniture, carpets, linens, beds, drapes, cupboards, etc. Do this method once or twice a week to remove the microbes.

There are some myths out there that this bed bug home remedy is not much effective. It’ll only solve the bed bugs problem if undiluted Tea Tree Oil is sprayed directly onto the insects, which of course not advised in any case. Using the tea tree oil directly is harmful to the humans, you may suffer skin irritation upon contact with it.

Pros: Tea tree oil method is easy to use and affect bed bugs immediately. You can buy it online or at health food stores and it is much inexpensive than other oils.

Cons: Undiluted Tea Tree oil can be harmful to humans, you may suffer skin irritation upon contact with it. It is recommended to use the gloves while diluting the Tea Tree Oil.

2. Baking Soda

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Did you know that Baking Soda absorbs moisture out of bed bugs body?

Sprinkle a light layer of Baking soda on the common bed bug hotspots such as cabinets, walls, furniture, cupboards, doorways and corners etc. Leave the Baking Soda as it is for an entire week. After that, suck up all the Bicarbonate of soda with a vacuum cleaner. Ensure that you should not leave any eggs or bed bugs behind there in the vacuum process so do that corner to corner properly and thoroughly.

There is also another home remedy to get rid of bed bugs using Baking Soda by making a spray.

Ingredients

  • one cup of water
  • a tablespoon of baking soda
  • a teaspoon of cayenne pepper
  • a teaspoon of freshly grated ginger

Put all these into a bottle and shake to make Freitas mixture. This will kill the bugs and their eggs immediately, also wash your clothes in other fabric and hot water that came in contact with the infested area. Examine the corner of the mattress regularly and remove clutter from your bedroom and wash your luggage and clothing with hot water which you use while travelling.

Pros: Baking Soda is an inexpensive Non-Toxic that kills microorganisms and remove unpleasant odours. It absorbs dirt and moisture and replaces the cleaning products.

Cons: It’s a time-consuming process to treat bed bugs with baking soda. You have to repeat the process of sprinkling and vacuuming regularly in order to get rid of them. This process needs a lot of powder, which makes this home remedy expensive.

3. Vinegar

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Does Vinegar Kill Bed Bugs?

Many peoples out there are finding an answer to this question and the answer is Yes. Vinegar is a strong acetic acid and when it comes in contact with them it disrupts their nervous system and kills them. With this homemade remedy, you can come up with a long-lasting solution of bed bug infestation.

Fill a spray bottle with vinegar you can buy it on any health food or online stores like Amazon. Spray the vinegar around the infested areas and common bed bug hotspots such as cabinets, walls, furniture, cupboards, doorways and corners. Do this once a week for several weeks to remove bed bugs.

Pros: Vinegar is not much expensive and available almost everywhere. This is easy to use and safe method unlike from toxic chemical sprays.

Cons: The smell of the Vinegar is terrible and long-lasting. If the infestation is major, it may be not much effective. In some cases, it can damage some furniture due to its low pH value.

4. Diatomaceous Earth

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Its abrasive and physical-sorptive properties. The fine powder absorbs lipids and damages the exoskeletons (external skeleton that protect the insect’s body) of insects, which increase evaporation of water from their bodies and they die because of dehydration.

How To Use Diatomaceous Earth in bed bugs treatment?

Sprinkle the 100% Pure Diatomaceous earth powder onto the affected areas. Leave it for 10 days after that suck up all the Diatomaceous earth powder with the vacuum cleaner. Its mortality rate is greater than 90% which make this remedy more effective than others. Repeat this process several times, until the complete eradication of bed bugs infestation.

Tips before using: Put on a mask Before sprinkling it onto affected areas of your room. Wash all of your linens in hot water and vacuum your home properly. After using it on your mattress clear/ vacuum it properly because inhaling its sharp and jagged pieces can cause damage to your lungs.

Pros: It is chemical free and its mortality rate is greater than 90%. It is inexpensive and easy to use. Its fine powder can be easily sprinkled in the narrow cracks and crevices.

Cons: This process takes time. It takes at least 10 days for Diatomaceous Earth powder to kill bed bugs completely.

5. Rubbing Alcohol

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast
Source: Ryan Hyde

Rubbing alcohol is a solvent primarily used as a topical antiseptic. The best thing I’ve found for getting rid of bed bugs is spraying onto the infested areas with 91% rubbing alcohol. Rubbing alcohol kills insects and treats the infestation of bedbugs by dissolving their cells. Rubbing Alcohol dries their skin when comes in contact with them thus causing them to die.

Pros: It is easy and simple to use and kill the bed bugs instantly when coming in contact with them. Rubbing alcohol does not stain garments or your furniture.

Cons: Use the Rubbing Alcohol carefully because it may lead to poisoning on ingestion, inhalation, absorption, or consumption. All rubbing alcohols are flammable in nature.

6. Borax

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Borax is an extremely effective treatment for bed bugs. It is also called sodium borate and used in various laundry and cleaning products. Sprinkle Borax powder onto the infested areas like the mattress, then spray on water. It suffocates and kills the bed bugs. It’s also a great cleaning product so adding it to your washing machine while washing the clothes will ensure the complete removal of bed bugs.

Pros: Borax is a quick and easy way to treat bed bugs and it is wholly natural.

Cons: There is no issue on using it for bed bugs just wear the safety gloves as Borax is classified as non-carcinogenic and a mild skin irritant.

7. Vacuum Thoroughly & Starve the Bed bugs

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Vacuum the entire infested area thoroughly at least once a week. The suction wand of the vacuum can eradicate the bed bugs. They can probably be found at the chairs, soft furnishings, carpets, box springs, and mattresses, mattress encasements, and curtains also. After you finish vacuuming the infested area dispose of the vacuum bag outside and change the vacuum bag after each use. Wash your all linens, mattress covers and fabrics in the hot water. Starving your bed bugs is another option. Purchase some Ziploc bags and Ziploc your mattresses after vacuuming, in this way they will neither come out nor get into the mattresses and because of starving they lead to death.

Pros: It’s simple and effective because vacuuming everything can possibly help you in eliminating a bed bug infestation.

Cons: In some major infestation It takes a longer time to get a result from this remedy.

8. Steam Treatment for Bed Bugs

Steam Treatment is one of the fastest and most effective remedies to get rid of bed bugs. Sometimes vacuum can’t reach all the places and some items can’t be washed at high temperature than steam treatment is the best alternative. It is very effective to kill the bed bugs in any stage of their development as bed bugs can’t survive in the temperature above 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Steam treatment helps you in various purposes such as eliminating deadly viruses, germs and bacteria.

In the process of steam treatment, the quality of steamer is so important, the steamer should possess the capacity of at least one gallon. You can buy a steam cleaner or rent a professional steam cleaner. Steam treatment immediately kills the bed bugs as steamer generate a high-temperature fog. As wet steaming may demolish the fibres and soft furnishing, we suggest you use the dry steaming.

Here is How to use a steamer in Bed Bugs treatment:

Pros: Steaming kill the bed bugs in all stages of development. This remedy is chemical free and doesn’t have any side effects.

Cons: Wet steaming may damage your furniture so always use dry steaming and follow the steam cleaner instructions carefully. Steaming should be avoided around electrical outlets as it may demolish them.

9. Scented Dryer Sheets

The smell of Scented Dryer Sheets repel the bedbugs and force them to pursue other place to inhabit.

Pros: This home remedy is best to get rid of bed bugs bites.

Cons: This is a temporary solution of repelling bed bugs as they’ll seek out to other places to inhabit.

10. Double Sided Tape

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

You can attach Double-sided tape underside of your bed and sofa. If they try to creep up on you, bugs will get glued on it. This home remedy is not a long-lasting solution to remove the bed bugs infestation completely but can help you diagnose one or prevent it. Do not sabotage your efforts and ensure that your blanket doesn’t touch the ground while sleeping, or bugs will be able to reach the bedding.

Pros: It is cheap, simple and easy to use and prevent bed bugs bites.

Cons: It is not a long lasting remedy to eradicate the bed bugs.

11. Ginger, Cayenne Pepper and Oregano Spray

The combination of Cayenne Pepper, Ginger, and Oregano has a strong smell which makes it offend the bed bugs so effectively.

Ingredients

  • 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1 teaspoon grated ginger
  • 1 teaspoon oregano essential oil
  • 1 cup of water

Mix all of the above ingredients (cayenne powder, grated ginger, and oregano) and boil the mixture for 7 – 8 minutes, after boiling strain it and pour it into a spraying bottle. Sprinkle the solution onto the common bed bugs hotspots such as chairs, soft furnishings, carpets, box springs, and mattresses, mattress encasements, and curtains also, concentrate on tight spaces and area around your bed. The combination of the spiciness and strong smell of oregano essential oil, Ginger and Cayenne Pepper will repel the bugs and prevent them from spreading the further infestation.

Pros: This home remedy is wholly herbal & natural and so effective to get rid of bed bugs. It is simple and easy to use and don’t have any side effects.

Cons: It takes time to completely remove the bed bugs infestation with this remedy because It’s a herbal remedy. So you may need to repeat this process several times until the bed bugs have been completely eradicated.

12. Lavender and Peppermint Oil Spray

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Lavender Oil has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties and can be used as an insect’s repellent and also an effective remedy to eradicate the bed bugs infestation. Lavender oil spray is one of the most effective home remedies to get rid of bed bugs as it contains antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties which allow it to repel bed bugs and other insects. Lavender oil contains a very strong smell which feels them nauseous and can even lead to their death. Spreading the lavender leaves over affected areas can also eradicate the bed bug infestation for much extent.

Peppermint oil is an aromatic plant and it has the same effect as lavender leaves. You can crush a cup of peppermint leaves and spread it around the infested areas. After the leaves have lost their potency vacuum them up and spread the fresh ones.

The combination of these both oils demolish the eggs and larvae of bed bugs and eradicate the infestation completely. To make this home remedy, simply create a mixture of 15 drops of lavender oil, 15 drops of peppermint oil and some water and pour it into a spraying bottle. Sprinkle the solution onto the common bed bugs hotspots such as chairs, soft furnishings, carpets, box springs, and mattresses, mattress encasements, and curtains also. Repeat this process once a week and soon you’ll get the good results.

Pros: This remedy is totally natural and used as a bug repellent for centuries. It is simple to use and eradicate the bed bugs in a very short time.

Cons: When lavender comes in the contact of skin, it can sometimes cause irritation, although this is uncommon so use it carefully. Don’t use peppermint oil near the children because when it comes in contact with child’s face it can lead to severe breathing problems.  

13. Bean Leaves

home remedies to get rid of bed bugs fast

Bean Leaves are used as natural flypaper to trap insects such as bed bugs. In 1943, researchers at the University of California and Kentucky found that Bean Leaves possess trachoma (microscopic hooked hairs) on it which helps to pierce the bed bugs feet and stop them from moving and kill them. It is an excellent remedy to trap the bud bugs at the infested area. To apply this remedy, sprinkle the bean leaves all around the infested areas and see what magic happen.

Pros: It is totally natural and herbal remedy. This home remedy is simple and easy to use.

Cons: There are no side effects of this herb just be careful to use it with children as sometimes it causes an allergy which is not common.

How Much Long Does it Take for Bed Bugs to Die?

Bed bugs are not a matter of joking. They don’t just disappear overnight unless you have eradicated them at the initial stages. An adult bed bug lay at least 200 eggs in its two to four months life span. Fortunately, there are various effective solutions you can try to get rid of these insects. So be serious with this matter and take actions to eradicate them.

Conclusion

In this article, you learned that What are the signs of bed bugs?, Where do they hide? and Where do they come from? as well as 13 best and more effective than other Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs fast and permanently, including their pros and cons.

If you have any friends struggling with a bed bug infestation do share this article with them. It will definitely help them in banish those pester little critter for always.

If I forgot any effective home remedy to include with this article please don’t forget to share in the comment box below, maybe it works for any bed bug sufferer. Also, don’t forget to share if you ever have any bad experience with bed bugs.


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